What is Articular Cartilage Defect Surgery?
Articular cartilage is a very important component of a healthy knee joint. It covers the ends of each of the bones and allows for a fluid, smooth, painless motion of the knee. When an area of the cartilage becomes damaged, a patient will experience swelling and pain with activities, and over time, this process will continue to progress which eventually leads to complete loss of cartilage down to the bone. When this happens, a diseases known as osteoarthritis becomes present. This continues to cause progressive symptoms of knee pain and stiffness.
When a patient presents damage to the articular cartilage, or an articular cartilage defect, it is of the utmost importance to treat this appropriately in an effort to restore the damaged area and preserve the surrounding cartilage. This treatment will depend on many factors including size of the defect, depth, location, associated injuries in the knee, age, and activity goals. In many cases of a focal cartilage defect, an articular cartilage defect surgery, such as chondroplasty or Microfracture, is recommended by Dr. Jeff Padalecki, Austin, Round Rock, and Cedar Park, Texas communities knee surgeon.