What are Chondral Defects of the Hip?
(Articular Cartilage Damage)
Articular cartilage is a smooth but firm tissue that lines the joints of the body and allows for a reduction in friction. This substance covers the ends of the bones that form the hip joint (femur and acetabulum), allowing for smooth motion between the ends of the bones when the hips move. This tissue also acts as a “shock absorber” by protecting the joint during impact activities such as running and jumping.
A chondral defect of the hip is a condition that occurs when there is articular cartilage damage. The defect and/or damage to the articular cartilage can result in a number of conditions leading to various symptoms. Degenerative diseases such as arthritis and osteoarthritis are the most common conditions of the hip in which articular cartilage has suffered damage. In some instances, cartilage can potentially wear down and break off or tear away from the bone. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can also lead to chondral defects within the joint. Austin, Round Rock, and Cedar Park, Texas communities orthopedic hip specialist, Dr. Jeff Padalecki, successfully treats a number of hip conditions, including chondral defects of the hip.
Normal wear and tear that comes with aging is a common culprit for chondral damage in the hip. Damage to the articular cartilage within the hip can also occur as a result of a direct blow to the hip joint, such as with a fall or a traumatic accident (i.e. motor vehicle accident). These defects can also result from repetitive motion, overuse, and stress from sports or other activities.
What are the Symptoms of a Chondral Defects of the Hip?
The most common symptom of a chondral defect of the hip is pain, which can almost feel like a “catch” within the joint.
How is a Chondral Defect of the Hip Diagnosed?
Dr. Padalecki will review the patient’s background including a complete history and discuss any injury that may have taken place to cause damage to the hip joint. Typically an MRI is the most effective method to view the articular cartilage within the hip joint.